So you've heard about LASIK surgery in Chicago and now you think you might want to join the more than 20 million people worldwide who enjoy the benefits of laser vision correction?
Congratulations! You’re on your way to better vision…
When you need a LASIK or cataract surgeon in the Chicago area, please contact Foulkes Vision in Lombard, Illinois online or by telephone today schedule your free consultation with our eye doctor: (888) 207-1404.
Find out more about your LASIK procedure:
- LASIK: A Few Key Details
- The LASIK Consultation
- LASIK Candidates
- Custom LASIK
- Important for Contact Wearers Considering LASIK
- LASIK – Day of Surgery
- LASIK Risks & Side Effects
- Pupil Size & Correction (Ablation) Zone
- Call Today for Your LASIK Consultation
LASIK: A Few Key Details
How does LASIK work? The procedure uses a laser to reshape your eye’s cornea, which in turn corrects nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism.
The reason that LASIK has become so prevalent and continues to enjoy fantastic popularity is that the procedure safelyreduces or eliminates your need to wear glasses or contact lenses.
Each of the common vision problems mentioned above happens because your eye is too long or short and the cornea can be used to move the focus into the retina. LASIK allows light to enter your eye in a new way, and that ultimately produces improved if not perfect vision.
We often hear from past patients of Foulkes Vision that their newfound sight has enabled them to more fully participate in their careers, be more engaged with their families, and experience milestones such as a wedding or the birth of a child in a more visceral and impactful way. Many have been disabled with glasses or contacts, and they now wake up to a clear world.
The Lasik Consultation
The consultation is an opportunity for the doctor and staff to provide you with as much patient education as we can relate to your unique eye condition and the particular procedure that's right for your treatment. This is also when we can begin to address any questions or concerns you may have with regards to preparing for LASIK, the procedure, past patient outcomes, and your specific recovery.
Some of the tests that will be performed on your eyes during your LASIK evaluation at Foulkes Vision include:
- Measurement of corneal thickness
- Complete review of overall eye health
- Measurement of prescription for refractive errors
- Custom LASIK measurement for higher order aberrations
- Dry eye test
- Dilation of the eye to view the retina
- Glasses and contact lens history review
- Measurement of pupil size
Roughly 80 percent of the world's adult population is well-suited to laser vision correction. In order to be qualified for LASIK it is important that patients meet the following requirements:
- Stable vision for 2-3 years
- Over the age of 18
- Nearsighted, farsighted, or have astigmatism
- No current eye problems
- No health issues that may affect the eyes
To further determine if you meet the requirements for LASIK eye surgery, you can take the LASIK Pre-evaluation Test to determine if you are a candidate for LASIK. Each set of eyes is unique and that it is why it is extremely important to have your eyes examined by an ophthalmologist, like Dr. Richard Foulkes.
Like fingerprints, no two patients are the same. Dr. Foulkes and his staff recognize that when it comes to vision problems, each person may not benefit from the standard LASIK procedure. This is why we utilized the very best in technology for our Custom LASIK procedures.
Custom LASIK procedures are a step up from traditional laser correction surgery because they enable your surgeon to correction complex vision problems including glare, halos and high-order aberrations. These issues were largely untreatable using traditional LASIK.
Dr. Foulkes might recommend a traditional LASIK procedure when your vision is marred by low-order aberrations such as myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism.
High-order aberrations are unmeasurable using standard refraction. Instead, these corrections tend to be gauged using an abertometer. The measurements are then translated to a wavefront map of your eye, which enables Dr. Foulkes to customize your procedure to correct both low order and high order aberrations at the same time.
Like the name implies, custom LASIK provides the ability for you to receive a personalized procedure that’s completely tailored to your eyes. The result is the best possible vision correction for your eyes. The probability of post-surgical side effects also is significantly diminished because of the precise, high-level detail provided by the 3D wavefront map of your eye.
Quite simply, this procedure is designed to pinpoint the distinct, individual errors in your vision and efficiently, effectively correct those errors.
The procedure generally takes about 10 minutes per eye and commonly results in 20/20 vision for the patient.
Important for Contact Wearers Considering LASIK
Contact lenses can “mold” the corneal surface, which changes the corneal curvature and may lead to a change in your refraction (prescription). In order to properly calculate the treatment to correct your refractive error, you will have to stop wearing contact lenses at some stage prior to your appointments. In time, the cornea will return to its natural shape and size. We are dedicated to providing you with the most accurate treatment and this can only be achieved if the corneal surface is stable and back to its natural shape.
For the vast majority of patients, the recommended length of time for contact removal should suffice. However, the individual rate of corneal adjusting may vary. If your cornea is still adjusting at either the pre-operative or surgery appointment, you will be required to reschedule your appointment for a later date. This will allow the cornea to return to its natural shape and refraction to stabilize, thus providing you with an opportunity to attain the best possible outcome. Foulkes Vision cannot reimburse for time off work, hotel, airline tickets or any other expenses incurred due to rescheduling.
The difference in length of times to remove contact lenses (listed below) is to ensure that the majority of out-of-town patients are not inconvenienced by rescheduling of appointments if corneal “molding” is apparent.
Medical evidence suggests that the likelihood of an enhancement, or secondary procedure, is reduced the longer a patient has their contact lenses out.
Removal of Contacts Prior to Pre-Operative Evaluation/Surgical Appointments:
Type of Lenses Worn
Days without Lenses Worn
Soft Contact Lenses
Extended Soft Lenses (Sleeping In)
Gas Permeable Lenses
4 Weeks minimum
LASIK – Day of Surgery
On surgery day, Dr. Foulkes will administer medical eye drops that numb you to any discomfort. Many patients also choose to take a light sedative so they are completely relaxed during their Chicago LASIK surgery, which will be over in a matter of minutes.
As part of the procedure, Dr. Foulkes willrely on the laser to create a thin flap in your cornea while your eye is focused on a target. The doctor will then use a tracking device to watch your eye and make adjustments to your cornea as necessary.
All of this work will heal naturally without the need for stitches or sutures.
After the procedure, you'll be asked to rest for a while. We also require that you have someone to take you home as you'll be unable to drive immediately following your LASIK surgery.
You'll wear protective sunglasses in the hours immediately following your procedure, and you should avoid rubbing your eyes. Within a couple of days, you'll be able to return to your normal routine.
LASIK Risks & Side Effects
Mild headache may occur or lid tenderness from the instrument that holds the eyelid open.
Light sensitivity is very common for the first 24 hours, so we will provide you with cool wrap-around sunglasses. These should be worn anytime you may be at risk of being struck in the eye during the first month after your procedure.
Commonly occurs within the first 2 to 4 hours and is sometimes heavy.
Nearly everyone is functional for his or her daily activities. Mild blurring may occur for several weeks for some people. This is most common for larger corrections and is also related to your age and dryness.
It is not possible to predict with absolute certainty how the eye will heal and respond to treatment. Any under/over-correction is usually mild and does not interfere with a patient's daily activities. If it is significant and there is enough corneal tissue, you have the option of additional treatment also called an"enhancement" or refinement. The enhancement rate is less than 5%.
Glare and Halos:
Glare and halo frequently occur immediately following surgery, but do diminish as the cornea heals internally. They usually subside within 6 weeks. This is reduced or eliminated by larger treatments and may actually improve night disturbances in most patients.
Every precaution is taken to avoid infection. It is critical that post-operative instructions and medications are followed and taken as directed. Although most corneal infections can be successfully treated, potential consequences include corneal scarring, perforation, and spread of the infection inside the eye. We currently use a drop that is able to kill a few very rare bacteria. We have you start this drop 3 days in advance to protect you from infection.
Significant corneal scarring is rare after LASIK surgery, but more common with PRK. Proper use of your post-operative medications is an important component in preventing this possibility.
LASIK involves the creation of an interface between two layers of corneal tissue. Epithelial cells (the corneal skin) can grow into this interface. This growth is usually mild and not noticed by the patient, nor does it have an affect on vision. In rare cases, these cells may continue to grow, creating thinning of the flap and astigmatism. The epithelium is a loose sheet under the flap and is removed with excellent prognosis in nearly all cases. We use a fiber optic light pipe to identify areas of growth and fully remove them. Normally only the edge of the flap is lifted and the vision remains the same even immediately following the treatment!
Pupil Size & Correction (Ablation) Zone
This is a very important consideration in LASIK eye surgery. How much the pupils will dilate at night determines what size the zone of correction has to be on the cornea. If the pupil will naturally dilate beyond the zone of correction, the presence of halos and significant glare can occur.
The Zyoptix II scanner will take a picture of your pupil in low light to get an accurate measurement of your pupil size. This device shows your night time disturbances, or aberrations, in the lowest light possible. Based on this measurement, we will adjust your treatment to the largest correction zone possible. If there is significant aberrations, a more customized treatment may be necessary.
The effective treatment zone size is important to give the best quality vision after a LASIK treatment. Many lasers under correct as they move out to the edge of the treatment. Even though the laser may claim to have a large treatment zone, the observed area of treatment can be very small. This is not true of the Planoscan software and the Zyoptix software of the Technolas laser. By having a larger effective zone of correction and blending the two curves together with full power to the optical edge of your pupil, the possibility of halos and glare are greatly diminished and in some people the night vision may actually improve. The Zyoptix software can greatly help patients that have already had LASIK and currently have night vision disturbances. We can likely eliminate or reduce the effect by providing a re-treatment that may only treat out at the rim of the pupil.
Call Today for Your LASIK Consultation
When you need a LASIK or cataract surgeon in the Chicago area, please contact Foulkes Vision in Lombard, Illinois online or by telephone to schedule your free consultation with our doctor: (888) 207-1404. You can also take the self vision test here to find out if LASIK eye surgery is right for you.